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勒索病毒还未收场

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月18日 15:42:35
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(  勒)(索)(病)(毒)(“WannaCry”(永)(恒)(之)(蓝)()在)(全)(球)(范)(围)(内)(的)(爆)(发)(,恐)(怕)(是)(这)(几)(天)(影)(响)(力)(最)(大)(的)(公)(共)(安)(全)(事)(件)(了)(。
  从)(上)(周)(五)(晚)(上)(开)(始)(,侠)(客)(岛)(岛)(友)(群)(之)(一)(的)(学)(生)(群)(里)(,勒)(索)(病)(毒)(爆)(发)(的)(消)(息)(就)(已)(经)(传)(开)(。当)(时)(的)(病)(毒)(感)(染)(多)(在)(校)(园)(网)(范)(围)(内)(,由)(于)(临)(近)(毕)(业)(季)(,很)(多)(实)(验)(室)(、学)(生)(的)(毕)(业)(设)(计)(和)(论)(文)(都)(惨)(遭)(毒)(手)(。过)(去)(的)(一)(个)(周)(末)(,岛)(叔)(的)(不)(少)(朋)(友)(,都)(被)(拉)(回)(公)(司)(或)(单)(位)(加)(班)(加)(点)(打)(补)(丁)(,防)(止)(周)(一)(工)(作)(日)(“开)(机)(潮)(”引)(发)(的)(大)(规)(模)(感)(染)(。
  尽)(管)(如)(此)(,今)(天)(一)(天)(,在)(新)(闻)(报)(道)(中)(,我)(们)(还)(是)(看)(到)(了)(国)(内)(不)(少)(高)(校)(、加)(油)(站)(、火)(车)(站)(、自)(助)(终)(端)(、医)(院)(、政)(府)(办)(事)(终)(端)(等)(被)(此)(病)(毒)(感)(染)(的)(消)(息)(。
  事)(件)(
  关)(于)(病)(毒)(的)(爆)(发)(原)(理)(,相)(信)(大)(家)(这)(几)(天)(也)(看)(了)(不)(少)(文)(章)(。简)(言)(之)(,这)(一)(蠕)(虫)(勒)(索)(病)(毒)(,通)(过)(针)(对)(Windows中)(的)(一)(个)(漏)(洞)(攻)(击)(用)(户)(,对)(计)(算)(机)(内)(的)(文)(档)(、图)(片)(等)(实)(施)(高)(强)(度)(加)(密)(,并)(向)(用)(户)(索)(取)(以)(比)(特)(币)(支)(付)(的)(赎)(金)(,否)(则)(七)(天)(后)(“撕)(票)(”,即)(使)(支)(付)(赎)(金)(亦)(无)(法)(恢)(复)(数)(据)(。其)(加)(密)(方)(式)(非)(常)(复)(杂)(,且)(每)(台)(计)(算)(机)(都)(有)(不)(同)(加)(密)(序)(列)(号)(,以)(目)(前)(的)(技)(术)(手)(段)(,解)(密)(几)(乎)(“束)(手)(无)(策)(”。
  在)(全)(球)(网)(络)(互)(联)(互)(通)(的)(今)(天)(,受)(害)(者)(当)(然)(不)(仅)(限)(于)(中)(国)(。
  据)(360威)(胁)(情)(报)(中)(心)(统)(计)(,从)(12日)(爆)(发)(之)(后)(,全)(球)(近)(百)(个)(国)(家)(的)(超)(过)(10万)(家)(组)(织)(和)(机)(构)(被)(攻)(陷)(,其)(中)(包)(括)(1600家)(美)(国)(组)(织)(,11200家)(俄)(罗)(斯)(组)(织)(,中)(国)(则)(有)(29000多)(个)(IP被)(感)(染)(。在)(西)(班)(牙)(,电)(信)(巨)(头)(Telefonica,电)(力)(公)(司)(Iberdrola,能)(源)(供)(应)(商)(GasNatural在)(内)(的)(众)(多)(公)(司)(网)(络)(系)(统)(瘫)(痪)(;葡)(萄)(牙)(电)(信)(、美)(国)(运)(输)(巨)(头)(FedEx、瑞)(典)(某)(地)(方)(政)(府)(、俄)(罗)(斯)(第)(二)(大)(移)(动)(通)(信)(运)(营)(商)(Megafon都)(已)(曝)(出)(遭)(受)(攻)(击)(。而)(根)(据)(欧)(洲)(刑)(警)(组)(织)(的)(说)(法)(,本)(次)(攻)(击)(已)(经)(影)(响)(到)(150个)(国)(家)(和)(地)(区)(。随)(着)(病)(毒)(版)(本)(的)(更)(新)(迭)(代)(,具)(体)(数)(字)(可)(能)(还)(会)(增)(加)(。
  那)(么)(,问)(题)(来)(了)(:这)(是)(谁)(干)(的)(?!
  黑)(手)(
  没)(有)(答)(案)(。
  用)(360核)(心)(安)(全)(团)(队)(负)(责)(人)(郑)(文)(彬)(的)(话)(说)(,勒)(索)(病)(毒)(的)(溯)(源)(一)(直)(是)(比)(较)(困)(难)(的)(问)(题)(。曾)(经)(FBI悬)(赏)(300万)(美)(元)(找)(勒)(索)(病)(毒)(的)(作)(者)(,但)(没)(有)(结)(果)(,目)(前)(全)(球)(都)(没)(有)(发)(现)(勒)(索)(病)(毒)(的)(作)(者)(来)(自)(哪)(个)(国)(家)(。但)(从)(勒)(索)(的)(方)(式)(看)(,电)(脑)(感)(染)(病)(毒)(之)(后)(会)(出)(现)(包)(括)(中)(文)(在)(内)(十)(五)(种)(语)(言)(的)(勒)(索)(提)(示)(,且)(整)(个)(支)(付)(通)(过)(比)(特)(币)(和)(匿)(名)(网)(络)(这)(样)(极)(难)(追)(踪)(的)(方)(式)(进)(行)(,很)(有)(可)(能)(是)(黑)(色)(产)(业)(链)(下)(的)(组)(织)(行)(为)(。
  勒)(索)(病)(毒)(是)(2013年)(才)(开)(始)(出)(现)(的)(一)(种)(新)(型)(病)(毒)(模)(式)(。2016年)(起)(,这)(种)(病)(毒)(进)(入)(爆)(发)(期)(,到)(现)(在)(,已)(经)(有)(超)(过)(100种)(勒)(索)(病)(毒)(通)(过)(这)(一)(行)(为)(模)(式)(获)(利)(。比)(如)(去)(年)(,CryptoWall病)(毒)(家)(族)(一)(个)(变)(种)(就)(收)(到)(23亿)(赎)(金)(,近)(几)(年)(苹)(果)(电)(脑)(、安)(卓)(和)(iPhone手)(机)(也)(出)(现)(过)(不)(同)(类)(型)(的)(勒)(索)(病)(毒)(。
  虽)(然)(下)(黑)(手)(者)(目)(前)(还)(找)(不)(到)(,但)(其)(所)(用)(的)(工)(具)(,却)(明)(确)(无)(误)(地)(指)(向)(了)(一)(个)(机)(构)(——NSA(NationalSecurityAgency),美)(国)(国)(家)(安)(全)(局)(。这)(一)(机)(构)(又)(称)(国)(家)(保)(密)(局)(,隶)(属)(于)(美)(国)(国)(防)(部)(,是)(美)(国)(政)(府)(机)(构)(中)(最)(大)(的)(情)(报)(部)(门)(,专)(门)(负)(责)(收)(集)(和)(分)(析)(外)(国)(及)(本)(国)(通)(讯)(资)(料)(。黑)(客)(所)(使)(用)(的)(“永)(恒)(之)(蓝)(”,就)(是)(NSA针)(对)(微)(软)(MS17-010漏)(洞)(所)(开)(发)(的)(网)(络)(武)(器)(。
  事)(情)(是)(这)(样)(的)(:NSA本)(身)(手)(里)(握)(有)(大)(量)(开)(发)(好)(的)(网)(络)(武)(器)(,但)(在)(2013年)(6月)(,“永)(恒)(之)(蓝)(”等)(十)(几)(个)(武)(器)(被)(黑)(客)(组)(织)(“影)(子)(经)(纪)(人)(”(ShadowBreakers)窃)(取)(。
  今)(年)(3月)(,微)(软)(已)(经)(放)(出)(针)(对)(这)(一)(漏)(洞)(的)(补)(丁)(,但)(是)(一)(是)(由)(于)(一)(些)(用)(户)(没)(有)(及)(时)(打)(补)(丁)(的)(习)(惯)(,二)(是)(全)(球)(仍)(然)(有)(许)(多)(用)(户)(在)(使)(用)(已)(经)(停)(止)(更)(新)(服)(务)(的)(WindowsXP等)(较)(低)(版)(本)(,无)(法)(获)(取)(补)(丁)(,因)(此)(在)(全)(球)(造)(成)(大)(范)(围)(传)(播)(。加)(上)(“蠕)(虫)(”不)(断)(扫)(描)(的)(特)(点)(,很)(容)(易)(便)(在)(国)(际)(互)(联)(网)(和)(校)(园)(、企)(业)(、政)(府)(机)(构)(的)(内)(网)(不)(间)(断)(进)(行)(重)(复)(感)(染)(。
  又)(一)(个)(问)(题)(来)(了)(:NSA为)(什)(么)(会)(知)(道)(微)(软)(的)(漏)(洞)(,并)(且)(制)(作)(了)(专)(门)(的)(网)(络)(武)(器)(,然)(后)(这)(些)(武)(器)(中)(的)(一)(部)(分)(还)(落)(到)(了)(黑)(客)(的)(手)(里)(?
  NSA
  实)(事)(求)(是)(地)(说)(,作)(为)(操)(作)(系)(统)(之)(一)(,Windows的)(构)(成)(动)(辄)(几)(亿)(行)(代)(码)(,之)(间)(的)(逻)(辑)(关)(系)(不)(可)(能)(一)(个)(人)(说)(了)(算)(,因)(此)(出)(现)(漏)(洞)(是)(很)(难)(消)(除)(的)(。而)(Windows又)(是)(世)(界)(上)(使)(用)(最)(普)(遍)(的)(操)(作)(系)(统)(,因)(此)(被)(黑)(客)(看)(中)(而)(研)(究)(漏)(洞)(并)(攻)(击)(获)(利)(,是)(很)(“正)(常)(”的)(事)(情)(。
  但)(作)(为)(美)(国)(国)(家)(安)(全)(局)(,盯)(着)(这)(个)(系)(统)(的)(漏)(洞)(也)(就)(罢)(了)(,还)(专)(门)(搞)(武)(器)(,这)(是)(什)(么)(道)(理)(?
  事)(实)(上)(,在)(黑)(客)(组)(织)(曝)(光)(这)(一)(漏)(洞)(之)(前)(,微)(软)(自)(己)(也)(不)(知)(道)(漏)(洞)(存)(在)(。也)(就)(是)(说)(,只)(有)(NSA知)(道)(漏)(洞)(存)(在)(,至)(于)(知)(道)(了)(多)(久)(,也)(只)(有)(他)(们)(自)(己)(知)(道)(。在)(侠)(客)(岛)(上)(的)(网)(络)(安)(全)(专)(家)(看)(来)(,很)(可)(能)(的)(情)(况)(是)(,NSA早)(就)(知)(道)(这)(个)(漏)(洞)(、并)(且)(利)(用)(这)(一)(漏)(洞)(很)(久)(了)(,只)(不)(过)(这)(次)(被)(犯)(罪)(团)(队)(使)(用)(了)(,才)(造)(成)(如)(此)(大)(的)(危)(害)(。从)(这)(一)(点)(我)(们)(可)(以)(看)(出)(,美)(国)(的)(技)(术)(确)(实)(很)(强)(,在)(网)(络)(安)(全)(领)(域)(独)(步)(全)(球)(;同)(时)(,“漏)(洞)(”已)(经)(成)(为)(兵)(家)(必)(争)(的)(宝)(贵)(战)(略)(资)(源)(。
  换)(言)(之)(,通)(过)(网)(络)(对)(现)(实)(发)(起)(攻)(击)(,已)(经)(不)(是)(科)(幻)(电)(影)(的)(场)(景)(专)(利)(,而)(是)(已)(经)(发)(生)(的)(现)(实)(。不)(信)(的)(话)(,给)(大)(家)(讲)(一)(个)(真)(实)(的)(故)(事)(——
  斯)(诺)(登)(,披)(露)(美)(国)(政)(府)(对)(全)(球)(实)(施)(监)(控)(的)(“棱)(镜)(计)(划)(”的)(那)(位)(,就)(是)(NSA的)(前)(雇)(员)(。他)(证)(实)(的)(一)(则)(消)(息)(是)(,2009年)(,奥)(巴)(马)(政)(府)(曾)(下)(令)(使)(用)(网)(络)(攻)(击)(武)(器)(——代)(号)(“震)(网)(”的)(病)(毒)(,攻)(击)(了)(伊)(朗)(的)(核)(设)(施)(。其)(中)(原)(因)(复)(杂)(,简)(单)(说)(就)(是)(以)(色)(列)(设)(法)(通)(过)(马)(来)(西)(亚)(的)(软)(件)(公)(司)(,让)(伊)(朗)(购)(入)(了)(夹)(带)(着)(一)(病)(毒)(的)(离)(心)(机)(控)(制)(软)(件)(;2010年)(,病)(毒)(爆)(发)(,控)(制)(并)(破)(坏)(伊)(朗)(核)(设)(施)(的)(离)(心)(机)(如)(那)(件)(,最)(终)(造)(成)(1000余)(台)(离)(心)(机)(永)(久)(性)(物)(理)(损)(坏)(,不)(得)(不)(暂)(停)(浓)(缩)(铀)(的)(进)(程)(。
  这)(也)(是)(史)(上)(首)(次)(通)(过)(虚)(拟)(空)(间)(对)(现)(实)(世)(界)(实)(施)(攻)(击)(破)(坏)(的)(案)(例)(,达)(到)(了)(以)(往)(只)(有)(通)(过)(实)(地)(军)(事)(行)(动)(才)(能)(实)(现)(的)(效)(果)(。而)(在)(去)(年)(,乌)(克)(兰)(的)(电)(网)(系)(统)(也)(曾)(遭)(到)(黑)(客)(攻)(击)(,导)(致)(数)(百)(户)(家)(庭)(供)(电)(中)(断)(。
  NSA现)(在)(手)(中)(握)(有)(多)(少)(网)(络)(武)(器)(,当)(然)(是)(美)(国)(的)(机)(密)(。但)(根)(据)(维)(基)(解)(密)(的)(说)(法)(,不)(仅)(NSA手)(里)(有)(,CIA手)(里)(也)(有)(,他)(们)(的)(网)(络)(情)(报)(中)(心)(创)(造)(了)(超)(过)(1000种)(电)(脑)(病)(毒)(和)(黑)(客)(系)(统)(——这)(还)(是)(斯)(诺)(登)(2013年)(确)(认)(的)(数)(量)(。
  
  因)(此)(,在)(此)(次)(“永)(恒)(之)(蓝)(”爆)(发)(之)(后)(,《纽)(约)(时)(报)(》的)(报)(道)(就)(称)(,“如)(果)(确)(认)(这)(次)(事)(件)(是)(由)(国)(安)(局)((NSA)泄)(漏)(的)(网)(络)(武)(器)(而)(引)(起)(的)(,那)(政)(府)(应)(该)(被)(指)(责)(,因)(为)(美)(国)(政)(府)(让)(很)(多)(医)(院)(、企)(业)(和)(他)(国)(政)(府)(都)(易)(受)(感)(染)(”。
  按)(照)(NSA的)(说)(法)(,自)(己)(的)(职)(责)(应)(该)(是)(“保)(护)(美)(国)(公)(民)(不)(受)(攻)(击)(”;他)(们)(也)(曾)(指)(责)(很)(多)(国)(家)(对)(美)(国)(实)(施)(网)(络)(攻)(击)(。但)(事)(实)(恰)(恰)(相)(反)(,被)(他)(们)(指)(责)(的)(国)(家)(都)(是)(此)(次)(病)(毒)(的)(受)(害)(国)(,他)(们)(自)(己)(用)(来)(“防)(御)(”的)(网)(络)(武)(器)(,则)(成)(了)(黑)(客)(手)(中)(攻)(击)(美)(国)(公)(民)(的)(武)(器)(。
  用)(美)(国)(全)(国)(公)(共)(广)(播)(电)(台)((NPR)的)(话)(说)(就)(是)(,“这)(次)(攻)(击)(指)(出)(了)(一)(个)(安)(全)(领)(域)(根)(本)(性)(问)(题)(,也)(就)(是)(国)(安)(局)(的)(监)(控)(是)(在)(保)(护)(人)(民)(还)(是)(制)(造)(了)(更)(多)(不)(可)(期)(的)(损)(害)(,甚)(至)(超)(出)(了)(其)(好)(处)(”。
  警)(示)(
  NSA当)(然)(应)(该)(反)(思)(,虽)(然)(他)(们)(到)(现)(在)(都)(没)(有)(出)(来)(表)(态)(回)(应)(。但)(更)(值)(得)(反)(思)(的)(是)(一)(个)(本)(质)(性)(话)(题)(:网)(络)(安)(全)(,到)(底)(掌)(握)(在)(谁)(的)(手)(里)(?
  就)(此)(次)(而)(言)(,美)(国)(政)(府)(内)(部)(的)(决)(策)(流)(程)(更)(值)(得)(被)(诟)(病)(。其)(内)(部)(有)(个)(简)(称)(为)(VEP(VulnerabilityEquityProcess)的)(流)(程)(,其)(用)(处)(是)(,当)(NSA或)(美)(国)(其)(他)(政)(府)(部)(门)(发)(现)(一)(个)(软)(件)(的)(漏)(洞)(,要)(走)(这)(个)(流)(程)(,决)(定)(是)(不)(是)(把)(漏)(洞)(公)(开)(。把)(漏)(洞)(公)(开)(,微)(软)(等)(厂)(商)(很)(容)(易)(就)(能)(制)(造)(出)(补)(丁)(,漏)(洞)(就)(消)(失)(了)(;不)(把)(漏)(洞)(公)(开)(,这)(些)(政)(府)(部)(门)(就)(可)(以)(自)(己)(留)(着)(用)(,用)(于)(“执)(法)(、情)(报)(收)(集)(或)(者)(其)(他)(攻)(击)(性)(利)(用)(”。虽)(然)(这)(一)(被)(奥)(巴)(马)(政)(府)(创)(造)(的)(流)(程)(既)(不)(是)(法)(律)(也)(不)(是)(总)(统)(令)(,但)(从)(2008年)(一)(直)(实)(施)(至)(今)(。
  在)(美)(国)(之)(外)(的)(其)(他)(国)(家)(人)(民)(看)(来)(,这)(一)(流)(程)(显)(然)(是)(有)(问)(题)(的)(:这)(一)(近)(乎)(可)(以)(被)(称)(为)(“黑)(箱)(”的)(流)(程)(,整)(个)(世)(界)(的)(网)(络)(安)(全)(风)(险)(全)(由)(美)(国)(的)(内)(部)(机)(制)(决)(定)(,其)(他)(人)(不)(明)(不)(白)(地)(就)(被)(暴)(露)(在)(了)(风)(险)(面)(前)(。
  对)(此)(,微)(软)(总)(裁)(BradSmith也)(在)(自)(己)(的)(博)(客)(上)(愤)(怒)(地)(说)(,“如)(果)(这)(些)(政)(府)(部)(门)(继)(续)(躲)(在)(暗)(处)(挖)(掘)(全)(球)(电)(脑)(系)(统)(的)(漏)(洞)(,然)(后)(制)(成)(所)(谓)(的)(武)(器)(库)(用)(来)(攻)(击)(别)(国)(或)(是)(买)(卖)(,那)(么)(你)(们)(就)(是)(网)(络)(犯)(罪)(的)(帮)(凶)(!”
  从)(这)(个)(意)(义)(上)(说)(,习)(近)(平)(多)(次)(讲)(“没)(有)(网)(络)(安)(全)(就)(没)(有)(国)(家)(安)(全)(”,绝)(对)(是)(有)(的)(放)(矢)(的)(。试)(想)(,这)(次)(病)(毒)(还)(是)(在)(可)(控)(范)(围)(内)(的)(,下)(一)(次)(如)(果)(网)(络)(攻)(击)(的)(规)(模)(更)(大)(、目)(标)(更)(明)(确)(呢)(?
  从)(中)(国)(的)(角)(度)(看)(,在)(大)(多)(数)(人)(印)(象)(中)(,上)(一)(次)(如)(此)(规)(模)(的)(病)(毒)(爆)(发)(,大)(概)(还)(要)(追)(溯)(到)(十)(几)(年)(前)(的)(“熊)(猫)(烧)(香)(”。而)(像)(此)(次)(的)(病)(毒)(这)(样)(,一)(旦)(中)(招)(几)(乎)(无)(解)(、面)(临)(自)(身)(重)(要)(资)(料)(被)(“绑)(架)(”的)(严)(重)(情)(况)(,也)(属)(罕)(见)(。
  而)(从)(各)(地)(的)(反)(应)(看)(,对)(于)(网)(络)(安)(全)(的)(重)(视)(程)(度)(显)(然)(也)(不)(一)(样)(。国)(家)(网)(信)(部)(门)(,以)(及)(上)(海)(、北)(京)(等)(省)(市)(,几)(乎)(在)(13日)(就)(发)(布)(了)(应)(急)(通)(告)(;15日)(上)(午)(发)(生)(的)(感)(染)(,中)(西)(部)(省)(份)(则)(偏)(多)(。也)(有)(业)(界)(专)(家)(指)(出)(,像)(政)(府)(、企)(事)(业)(单)(位)(、校)(园)(等)(机)(构)(,很)(多)(领)(导)(对)(网)(络)(安)(全)(的)(概)(念)(还)(停)(留)(在)(“电)(脑)(中)(毒)(了)(就)(找)(人)(杀)(杀)(毒)(”的)(地)(步)(,很)(多)(也)(觉)(得)(“有)(了)(内)(网)(的)(物)(理)(隔)(绝)(就)(没)(事)(儿)(”,观)(念)(和)(防)(护)(措)(施)(都)(相)(当)(滞)(后)(。
  事)(情)(还)(未)(收)(场)(,引)(起)(的)(课)(题)(和)(震)(撼)(就)(已)(经)(足)(够)(多)(。这)(就)(像)(是)(一)(场)(公)(共)(卫)(生)(事)(件)(,是)(平)(时)(对)(安)(全)(的)(重)(视)(和)(组)(织)(程)(度)(,决)(定)(了)(瘟)(疫)(能)(在)(多)(大)(程)(度)(上)(扩)(散)(。不)(得)(不)(说)(,这)(是)(一)(堂)(非)(常)(生)(动)(、非)(常)(深)(刻)(的)(网)(络)(安)(全)(教)(育)(课)(。毕)(竟)(,今)(天)(我)(们)(的)(个)(人)(信)(息)(、资)(产)(、资)(料)(等)(已)(经)(越)(来)(越)(多)(地)(与)(电)(脑)(、与)(网)(络)(相)(联)(系)(,而)(这)(一)(过)(程)(却)(不)(可)(逆)(。
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